Pizza is a national Italian dish and is loved by tens of thousands of people all over the world. The prototype of pizza appeared on the tables of the ancient Romans.
They served pieces of meat on large pieces of bread. The birthplace of pizza is Naples. In 1552, tomatoes arrived in Europe from Peru. Classic Italian pizza appeared in the 15th century.
In Naples, there was even a profession called pizzaiolo - these were people who made pizzas for the Italian peasants. The classic ingredients of pizza are special dough, cheese, tomatoes, meat, seafood, vegetables, mushrooms.
For centuries, pizza was a poor man's dish. But it took a liking to Maria Carolina of Lorraine, the wife of the Neapolitan King Ferdinand IV.
After her, pizza became a favorite of the Italian king Umberto the First and his wife Margherita of Savoy. Pizza Margherita is named after her, which is made in her honor with products in the colors of the Italian flag - red tomatoes, green basil, white mozzarella.
Pizza quickly became a favorite of many people all over the world, it is most popular in America and Europe. Its secret lies in its easy preparation and the wide variety of recipes.
The pizza contains tomatoes, which contain lycopene, a substance rich in antioxidants that help prevent cardiovascular disease.
The cheese in the pizza is a source of calcium and the dough is rich in yeast, which is good for the body. But for the activation of these substances, the pizza must be baked for more than eleven minutes at a temperature above 287°C.
Pizza dough is most often made from wheat flour. It contains antioxidants that have antioxidant properties and help strengthen the immune system.
In the US, pizza has been a favorite since the second half of the nineteenth century, originally made only in Chicago. It differs from the Italian one in that it is made on a fluffy dough, not on a crispy one.
Some American pizza recipes lack tomatoes. There is also an upside down pizza - the cheese is placed on the bottom, the dough on top, and the sauce is poured on it.