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Tarragon Essential Oil

Iliana AngelovaIliana Angelova
Nadia Galinova
Translated by
Nadia Galinova
Tarragon Essential Oil

One of the most common health problems nowadays is allergy. Allergy to various causative agents occurs in the majority of the world's population and this percentage is growing. Therefore, it's a fact that tarragon essential oil is a champion in the fight against allergies.

It is good to know the benefits of the essential oil of the herb tarragon and for which allergy problems it is most effective.

Benefits of tarragon essential oil

Being physically unable to protect themselves, plants have evolved to the extraordinary ability to create their own oils that heal, protect and adapt more easily to their environment. Essential oils are highly concentrated aromatic extracts from the plant that produces them. They allow not only it, but also people to benefit from the healing power of nature. These oils have the ability to transform the human body and mind.

Tarragon essential oil is a highly valued product because of the ability of the plant from which it is extracted to fight effectively against different types of allergies. Tarragon also has strong anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve all rhinitis symptoms.

Tarragon oil is an excellent agent with antiviral, antispasmodic and antiallergic effects. It can be used to stop hiccups not only in children but also in adults. It is very pleasant to diffuse because of the anise scent it gives off.

Essential oil of tarragon is used in the perfumery, cosmetic, food, pharmaceutical and chemical industries.

The oil is good for the stomach because of its carminative properties. It is an excellent brain tonic. Due to its neuromuscular antispasmodic, antiviral and antiallergic properties, it is also widely used in aromatherapy.

It is an effective remedy for alleviating problems with the digestive system. Tarragon essential oil works well for manifestations of spastic cough, allergic asthma, as well as muscle cramps.

The oil can be used for painful menstruation and gynecological problems. It has a positive effect on constipation, nausea, vomiting, sickness during travel.

Tarragon oil is also useful for seasonal allergies.

Production of tarragon essential oil

Tarragon Oil
Image: mammela /

Tarragon essential oil is extracted from the flowering tops of the Artemisia dracunculus plant. The name tarragon itself has an ancient Greek origin. It is translated as dragon, snake. In the past, its rhizome was believed to protect humans from cold-blooded animals and heal bites from them.

Essential oil of tarragon is obtained by the steam distillation of the fresh inflorescences or green leaf mass from fresh or dried twigs.

The extract obtained is a liquid of a yellowish-green color and a peculiar aroma of anise, which oily liquids have, which contain anethole.

Chemical composition of tarragon essential oil

The main ingredients of tarragon essential oil consist of 70 percent estragole and 25 percent other ingredients. The most valuable component of organic tarragon essential oil is eugenol. It is it that gives the essential oil this specific aroma. The healing properties of tarragon essential oil are due to it:

- pain reliever;

- spasmolytic;

- antimicrobial;

- tackles excessive sweat;

- diuretic;

- anti-allergic;

- antirheumatic;

- stimulating;

- anthelmintic and gas repellent effect.

The percentage of estragole can be higher in some species, exceeding 85 percent.

The essential oil of basil and that of tarragon, containing estragole, have been used since ancient times without ever posing a danger of toxicity to humans and animals.

However, the high percentage of estragole in the plant and its extracts is the reason why it is considered toxic, carcinogenic.

Using Tarragon Essential Oil

Tarragon essential oil is valued not only in cooking but also for its therapeutic benefits. The antispasmodic, anti-allergic and digestive property is used to fight allergies, constipation and against all types of spasms. It can be used both externally and internally, example uses are for some complaints such as:

Muscle cramps

It is good to use the essential oil for adults and adolescents externally to massage the affected area with 1 drop in 4 drops of vegetable oil, 4 times a day, until improvement.


The essential oil is taken orally, 1 drop to melt in the mouth, 4 times a day until improvement.

Neuralgia, sciatica

The essential oil is used externally 3 to 4 times a day on the painful area until improvement.

Dental uses

Essential oil of tarragon is used in dentistry - for pulpitis, caries, periodontitis and diseases of the oral mucosa. Thanks to its powerful anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anesthetic properties, it is used in dentistry as a topical during surgical interventions in the oral cavity or as an antiseptic for toothache. Studies have found it to be as effective as benzocaine in numbing pain.

Tarragon oil for internal use

Image: Albena Asenova

- It has a carminative effect, relieves pain and spasms in the intestines;

- Eliminates putrefactive processes in the digestive system, promotes the healing of gastritis and ulcers;

- Improves appetite;

- Has an anti-inflammatory effect;

- Possesses diuretic action;

- Strengthens the nervous system, helps to extinguish depression and neuroses;

- Normalizes sleep, has a calming effect;

- Eliminates parasites from the body;

- Helps with cystitis and inflammation of the urinary system;

- Prevents atherosclerosis;

- Strengthens the cardiovascular system.

The external use of tarragon essential oil

- The antiseptic properties of tarragon essential oil heal wounds, cuts, abrasions, burns and other mechanical injuries;

- It can be used as part of tinctures for rubbing against rheumatic, joint and muscle pain;

- Compresses and lotions are made from the essential oil to relieve pain of different nature;

- Relieves itching and inflammation in eczema, dermatitis, scabies.

- If inhaled, it treats bronchitis and cough;

- Gargling with the addition of oil is effective for stomatitis and inflammation of the gums;

- In cosmetology, it is used to treat problem skin and as a rejuvenating agent.

Tarragon essential oil is also used in cooking when there is no fresh or dry spice on hand. It can be added to salads, sauces, marinades, first and second courses to enrich the taste and add spicy flavor to the food.

Contraindications when using tarragon oil

Pregnant and lactating women and infants and children under 3 years of age should not use tarragon essential oil except in diffusers. However, all forms of administration are permitted for adults, adolescents and children over 3 years of age. It should be known that inhalation may cause irritation in more sensitive people. It should not be forgotten that tarragon oil contains two biochemical components that belong to allergens, but they are weak in dose and not dangerous.

The aroma of tarragon essential oil has a refreshing, invigorating effect on the mind, keeps the mind awake and thus turns out to be an energizing agent for the whole organism, a stimulator of mental and creative forces and has a stimulating effect. It overcomes stress and releases suppressed anger and accumulated tension.


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